fbpx

DFP Definition of Words related to Diamond Mining in Liberia

ARTISANAL AND SMALL SCALE DIAMOND MINING

Digger

Mainly an adult male worker who digs the land to find diamonds. He is hired by a miner. A digger is usually from a very poor family. His annual income varies from USD 0 to 500. A miner/employer provides a digger with two meals a day when hiring. However, it does not mean a digger is always paid. People call diggers “boys” in some mining communities in Liberia.

Miner

A person (male or female) who hires a digger. Some miners/employers dig by themselves. A miner/employer is not rich although s/he is better off compared to a digger. Her/his annual income varies from USD 0 to 1,000. S/he has to provide a digger with two meals a day when hiring.

Broker

A person who buys diamonds from a miner and sells them to a dealer/exporter. There are a few officially registered brokers in each mining community. They play a role to bridge diamonds to dealers/exporters whose number is very limited in Liberia. Their annual income varies from USD 5,000 to 10,000.

Dealer/Exporter

A person or company who has the permit to export diamonds and plays a role to distribute them to markets abroad. Their estimated annual income is more than USD 100,000. The number of officially registered dealers/exporters actively working is less than 10 in Liberia.

The conditions to register as a dealer/exporter is as follows:

  • Holding Liberian nationality. A foreign national can work as a dealer/exporter if s/he works under the partnership with a Liberian national;
  • Payment of annual license fee of about USD 25,000; and
  • Meeting the export quota of USD 100,000 per quarter. Even in case of not meeting the quota, s/he still has to pay 3% export royalty to Liberian government (USD 100,000 x 3% = USD 3,000).

Note: The above mentioned incomes are estimates based on the interviews conducted by DFP in Liberia in 2014.